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You only need a 5% deposit to apply for some mortgages. For example, if you are buying a home for £100,000 you only need £5,000 for a deposit for some mortgages, plus some extra cash for solicitors’ fees and other costs.
How much you can borrow depends on your personal circumstances with affordability based on your income as a major consideration. However, outgoings are equally important in assessing how much you can afford to borrow, so restricting your spending is a good thing when preparing to buy your first home.
The mortgage market is very competitive and it can be hard to understand exactly what is on offer, but the good news is there’s plenty of help to be found! The Money Advice Service www.moneyadviceservice.org.uk, for example, provides some really useful independent advice. Under new rules introduced in April 2014, lenders and brokers must offer advice by recommending the most suitable mortgage for you. They will assess the level of mortgage payments you can afford by taking into account income as well as your debt repayments and various outgoings.
A good starting point in finding a mortgage is your bank or building society as they know you and your financial situation. Mortgage brokers will give you advice on choosing your mortgage from the entire market, whereas the majority of banks and building societies will give advice only about their own products. Most brokers will charge you a fee or earn commission for the products they sell. Mortgage Advice Bureau advisors have a wealth of knowledge and experience to help you find the right mortgage.
There are also a number of Government schemes to help make buying your own home more affordable:
Help to Buy Equity loans and Help to Buy Mortgage guarantees – visit www.helptobuy.org.uk for further information.
Right to Buy for council and housing association tenants – visit https://righttobuy.gov.uk/.
Shared Ownership is a way of part-owning, part-renting a property. With shared ownership you can buy a newly built home or an existing one through sale or resale programmes offered by housing associations. You’ll need to take out a mortgage from a lender who specialises in this type of lending to pay for your share of the home’s purchase price, or fund this through your savings. Typically, you will only purchase 50% of the property from the housing association, paying a rent to the housing association for the residual element. This can make buying your home much more affordable and most housing associations will allow you to “staircase” (i.e. buy a greater share) into eventual full ownership.
Mortgage comparison tables are also helpful, but remember rates aren’t the whole story, you need to consider factors such as fees, introductory periods and terms of the loan. Look out for:
APRC (Annual Percentage Rate of Charge) is a method of comparing interest rates and charges for credit between lenders so that you can make an informed decision on the price implications of your mortgage. All lenders must show an APRC whenever an interest rate is shown
Deposit size. The higher the deposit, the lower the interest rate you are likely to get
Length of deal. Do you want to be locked in for a long period or have more flexibility? There will be charges if you switch out of a deal before it ends
The fees. You need to work out the total cost of a mortgage deal to make a true comparison.
The standard variable rate, which your mortgage will switch to once your fixed rate deal ends
Flexibility. Can you overpay your mortgage without being charged and can you take a break from making payments?
Mortgages come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. A fixed rate mortgage – typically two to five years – is ideal for first time buyers and people wanting to plan ahead without any unwanted surprises. This type of mortgage offers certainty and stability for those who prefer to budget for a fixed period of time. After the fixed rate period ends the mortgage will automatically move to a Standard Variable Rate. If you choose a variable rate mortgage, the rate you pay could move up or down in line with the Bank of England base rate.
Manage any credit you may have carefully to help demonstrate you can afford a mortgage and make payments on time.
There are many things you can do to improve your credit rating such as registering to vote. Take a look at credit reference agency websites such as www.equifax.co.uk or www.experian.co.uk for further ways to enhance your credit rating.
Prepare for your mortgage interview by writing your own budget, setting out all your regular expenditure and commitments to estimate how much you would have left each month for a mortgage. Include a test in your budget to see if you could afford a rise in interest rates. This would really impress a lender!
Check the flexibility in a mortgage to see if you can overpay or take payment holidays. Make sure your mortgage is portable otherwise you will incur fees if you move house before the agreed term ends.
To help your adviser prepare your Decision in Principle, most lenders will require the following information:
Once you have your Decision in Principle you are then in a strong position to make an offer on the property you wish to buy.
When your offer has been accepted you’ll need to revisit your mortgage adviser to go through the final part of applying for your mortgage.
You will need to get a survey carried out on the property you are purchasing and your lender will require a valuation.
You also need to ensure you have buildings and contents insurance in place.
Your lender will give you a mortgage offer and you will then be in a position to exchange contracts and agree a completion date. The deposit your solicitor is holding for you will then be transferred to the seller’s solicitor ready for completion. This means you’re now legally bound to buy your new home.
On completion day your solicitor will deal with the final legal work and will call you when this is complete and you can collect the keys to your new home.
How Mortgage Advice Bureau can help
When you’re ready to apply for your mortgage, you can easily get in touch with MAB to arrange an appointment with one of their mortgage advisors.
Whether face to face or over the phone, MAB can oﬀer the same expert advice and will be there to talk you through the whole mortgage process, from beginning to end. They’ll explain each stage of the application, making sure you understand what documentation we need from you.
Their advisors are able to access mortgages that you wouldn’t necessarily ﬁnd when searching the market yourself. MAB have regular contact with a wide range of lenders, some of whom you may not even know exist. Having access to thousands of lenders will ultimately save you time, as you won’t have to search or contact each individual lender to compare the mortgage terms and rates; MAB will do all that for you.
MAB’s Promise to You
Explaining the fees – They’ll explain all the diﬀerent fees involved, what they’re for, and take them all into account when ﬁnding the right mortgage for you.
Knowledge – MAB’s knowledge of diﬀerent lenders’ criteria can be invaluable. Together, they will go through your expenditure which will be beneﬁcial to you when completing your mortgage application.
Duty of care – MAB have a duty of care to you. They take your individual circumstances into account and understand that one size doesn’t ﬁt all. It’s vital that you and your advisor have honest and thorough conversations in the run up to ﬁnding and applying for a mortgage.
Experience – Getting a mortgage can seem like one of the most daunting tasks, but it doesn’t need to be. The important thing to remember is that every lender is diﬀerent in what they view as the ‘perfect candidate’ to lend to. So even if you don’t ﬁt one lender’s criteria, it doesn’t mean you won’t ﬁt another’s. Having an expert on your side will ensure your application goes to the right lender for your individual needs.
Protection – Not only will MAB help ﬁnd the right mortgage for you, they’ll also help make sure that your home, and the people in it, are protected. Whether this means critical illness cover, life insurance or income protection, their protection advisors will be more than happy to talk through the terms and conditions of diﬀerent policies with you.
To book an appointment please call 01664 494100 or take a look at our Mortgage Advice Bureau website where you can also see the latest deals, access mortgage calculators, meet the team, get expert advice and much more.